reduce() method is designed to convert a sequence into a single value, which makes it perfect for calculating the total of an array of numbers.
For example, given the following number array:
let numbers = [1, 12, 2, 9, 27]
We could calculate the total of all those numbers like this:
let total = numbers.reduce(0, +)
The first parameter passed to
reduce() is the value it should start with, in this case 0. The second parameter is how it should combine that 0 with each item in your array, which means it will do 0 + 1 to make 1, then 1 + 12 to make 13, and so on.
Available from iOS 8.0
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