NEW! Master Swift design patterns with my latest book! >>

Strings

Found 30 articles in the Swift Knowledge Base for this category:

 

How to calculate the ROT13 of a string

ROT13 is a simple algorithm that shifts letters in a string forward 13 places. It’s obviously not suitable for any serious encryption, but it’s very useful for hiding text so its meaning is not obvious – posting spoilers on a forum, for example, is best done using ROT13 to avoid someone getting annoyed.... Continue Reading >>

How to capitalize the first letter of a string

If you want to capitalize the first letter of a string without touching the rest of the letters, add this simple extension of String:... Continue Reading >>

How to capitalize words in a string using capitalized

Swift offers several ways of adjusting the letter case of a string, but if you're looking for title case – that is, Text Where The First Letter Of Each String Is Capitalized - then you need to use the capitalized property, like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to check whether a string contains any words from an array

You should already know that you can check whether a string contains a single word like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to concatenate strings to make one joined string

Swift offers three different ways of joining strings. The first is using the + operator to join two strings to make a third:... Continue Reading >>

How to convert a string to a safe format for URL slugs and filenames

Swift strings are extraordinarily complex beasts, allowing you to mix in characters from any language – including emoji – freely. While this is really important to display text, it can also cause havoc while trying to create URLs and filenames, so if you need to refer to a string in those places you should first convert it to a slug.... Continue Reading >>

How to convert a string to lowercase letters

You can convert any string to lowercase – that is, going from "HELLO" to "hello" – by calling its lowercased() method, like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to convert a string to uppercase letters

If you want to convert a string to uppercase – that is, WHERE EVERY LETTER IS A CAPITAL LETTER – you should use the uppercased() method of your string, like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to detect a URL in a String using NSDataDetector

The NSDataDetector class makes it easy to detect URLs inside a string using just a few lines of code. This example loops through all URLs in a string, printing each one out:... Continue Reading >>

How to display different strings based on available space using variantFittingPresentationWidth()

It’s surprisingly easy to configure your project with multiple strings then have it choose one at runtime based on available space.... Continue Reading >>

How to get the length of a string

Swift strings can be treated as an array of individual characters. So, to return the length of a string you can use yourString.count to count the number of items in the characters array.... Continue Reading >>

How to get the lines in a string as an array

Swift’s strings have their lines separated by the \n character, which is a line break on Unix operating systems. Using that plus the components(separatedBy:) method, you can get an array of all the lines in a string like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to load a string from a file in your bundle

If you have an important text file built into your app bundle that want to load it at runtime fact, String has an initializer just for this purpose. It’s called contentsOfFile, and here it is in action:... Continue Reading >>

How to load a string from a website URL

It takes just a few lines of Swift code to load the contents of a website URL, but there are three things you need to be careful with:... Continue Reading >>

How to loop through letters in a string

You can loop through every character in a string by treating it as an array. Thanks to Swift's extended support for international languages and emoji, this works great no matter what kind of language you're using.... Continue Reading >>

How to measure a string for Objective-C code

Regular Swift code can treat strings like other kinds of sequence, so you can use its count property to read the number of characters it contains:... Continue Reading >>

How to parse a sentence using NSLinguisticTagger

If you're looking to parse natural language entered by a user, you're looking for NSLinguisticTagger: it automatically recognizes English words (and words in other languages too, if you ask) and tells you what kind of word it is. That is, this magic little class distinguishes between verbs, nouns, adjectives and so on, so you can focus on the important stuff: how do I (verb) this (noun)?... Continue Reading >>

How to read a single character from a string

Swift’s strings are stored in a specific way that stops you from indexing into then easily. In fact, reading one letter from part-way through the string means starting at the beginning of the string and counting through letters until you find the one you want, so if you try reading all the characters in the string this way you could accidentally create extremely slow code.... Continue Reading >>

How to remove a prefix from a string

Swift’s string have a built-in hasPrefix() method that returns true if the string starts with specific letters, but they don’t have a way to remove those letters if they exist.... Continue Reading >>

How to repeat a string

Swift strings have a built-in initializer that lets you create strings by repeating a string a certain number of times. To use it, just provide the string to repeat and a count as its two parameters, like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to reverse a string using reversed()

Reversing a string in Swift is done by using the reversed() method on its characters, then creating a new string out of the result. Here's the code:... Continue Reading >>

How to run a case-insensitive search for one string inside another

You can search for one string inside another using the range(of:) method, like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to save a string to a file on disk with write(to:)

All strings have a write(to:) method that lets you save the contents of the string to disk. You need to provide a filename to write to, plus two more parameters: whether the write should be atomic, and what string encoding to use. The second parameter should nearly always be true because it avoids concurrency problems. The third parameter should nearly always be String.Encoding.utf8, which is pretty much the standard for reading and writing text.... Continue Reading >>

How to specify floating-point precision in a string

Swift's string interpolation makes it easy to put floating-point numbers into a string, but it lacks the ability to specify precision. For example, if a number is 45.6789, you might only want to show two digits after the decimal place.... Continue Reading >>

How to split a string into an array: components(separatedBy:)

You can convert a string to an array by breaking it up by a substring using the components(separatedBy:) method. For example, you can split a string up by a comma and space like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to test localization by setting a debug locale and double length pseudolanguage

If you want to check how your app works when running on devices with other languages, you have two options: you can either instruct the simulator to use a specific language where you have a localization in place, or you can have it use a special "Double length pseudolanguage" that basically acts as a stress test.... Continue Reading >>

How to trim whitespace in a string

It's not hard to trim whitespace from a string in Swift, but the syntax is a little wordy – or "self-descriptive" if you're feeling optimistic. You need to use the trimmingCharacters(in:) method and provide a list of the characters you want to trim. If you're just using whitespace (tabs, spaces and new lines) you can use the predefined whitespacesAndNewlines list of characters, like this:... Continue Reading >>

How to use string interpolation to combine strings, integers and doubles

String interpolation is Swift's way of letting you insert variables and constants into strings. But at the same time, you can also perform simple operations as part of your interpolation, such as changing letter case and basic mathematics. Swift is also smart enough to understand how to bring values into strings, meaning that you can use other strings, integers and floating-point numbers just fine.... Continue Reading >>

NSRegularExpression: How to match regular expressions in strings

The NSRegularExpression class lets you find and replace substrings using regular expressions, which are concise and flexible descriptions of text. For example, if we wanted to pull "Taylor Swift" out of the string "My name is Taylor Swift", we could write a regular expression that matches the text "My name is " followed by any text, then pass that to the NSRegularExpression class.... Continue Reading >>

Replacing text in a string using replacingOccurrences(of:)

It's easy to replace text inside a string thanks to the method replacingOccurrences(of:). This is a string method, and you tell it what to look for and what to replace it with, and you're done.... Continue Reading >>

About the Swift Knowledge Base

This is part of the Swift Knowledge Base, a free, searchable collection of solutions for common iOS questions, all written for Swift 4.

Go from iOS to macOS the easy way!

If you like Hacking with Swift, you'll love Hacking with macOS – learn to build macOS apps today, using 18 real-world projects!

MASTER SWIFT NOW
Buy Practical iOS 12 Buy Pro Swift Buy Swift Design Patterns Buy Practical iOS 11 Buy Swift Coding Challenges Buy Server-Side Swift (Vapor Edition) Buy Server-Side Swift (Kitura Edition) Buy Hacking with macOS Buy Advanced iOS Volume One Buy Hacking with watchOS Buy Hacking with tvOS Buy Hacking with Swift Buy Dive Into SpriteKit Buy Swift in Sixty Seconds Buy Objective-C for Swift Developers Buy Beyond Code

Was this page useful? Let me know!

Click here to visit the Hacking with Swift store >>