Swift version: 5.0
All views naturally fill the space assigned to them, but using
CAGradientLayer as a mask view you can force a view to fade out at its edges.
To try it out, first create a test view with some obvious content like a background color:
let maskedView = UIView(frame: CGRect(x: 50, y: 50, width: 256, height: 256)) maskedView.backgroundColor = .blue
The next step is to create a
CAGradientLayer at the same size as the view you want to mask:
let gradientMaskLayer = CAGradientLayer() gradientMaskLayer.frame = maskedView.bounds
Now for the important part: to make the gradient work you need to use a clear color where nothing should be shown (where your view should be invisible) and white where the view should shine through fully.
GAGradientLayer spaces out its colors so they appear at equal distances, but we’re going to tell it to put the first color at 0, the second color at 0.1 (10% of the way in), the third color at 0.9 (90% of the way in), then the last color at 1 (the end). This 80% of our view is shown with full opacity:
gradientMaskLayer.colors = [UIColor.clear.cgColor, UIColor.white.cgColor, UIColor.white.cgColor, UIColor.clear.cgColor] gradientMaskLayer.locations = [0, 0.1, 0.9, 1]
Finally, you just need to add that mask to your view, then add the whole thing to a parent view so it can be shown:
maskedView.layer.mask = gradientMaskLayer view.addSubview(maskedView)
Available from iOS 3.0
This is part of the Swift Knowledge Base, a free, searchable collection of solutions for common iOS questions.