NEW: Learn to build the incredible iOS 15 Weather app today! >>

lazy now works in local contexts

Available from Swift 5.5

Paul Hudson      @twostraws

The lazy keyword has always allowed us to write stored properties that are only calculated when first used, but from Swift 5.5 onwards we can use lazy locally inside a function to create values that work similarly.

This code demonstrates local lazy in action:

func printGreeting(to: String) -> String {
    print("In printGreeting()")
    return "Hello, \(to)"
}

func lazyTest() {
    print("Before lazy")
    lazy var greeting = printGreeting(to: "Paul")
    print("After lazy")
    print(greeting)
}

lazyTest()

When that runs you’ll see “Before lazy” and “After lazy” printed first, followed by “In printGreeting()” then “Hello, Paul” – Swift only runs the printGreeting(to:) code when its result is accessed on the print(greeting) line.

In practice, this feature is going to be really helpful as a way of selectively running code when you have conditions in place: you can prepare the result of some work lazily, and only actual perform the work if it’s still needed later on.

Hacking with Swift is sponsored by Essential Developer

SPONSORED Learn the most up-to-date techniques and strategies for testing new and legacy Swift code in this free practical course for iOS devs who want to become complete Senior iOS Developers.

Learn more

Sponsor Hacking with Swift and reach the world's largest Swift community!

Other changes in Swift 5.5…

Download all Swift 5.5 changes as a playground Link to Swift 5.5 changes

Browse changes in all Swift versions

 
Unknown user

You are not logged in

Log in or create account
 

Link copied to your pasteboard.