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Property observers

Property observers let you run code before or after any property changes. To demonstrate this, we’ll write a Progress struct that tracks a task and a completion percentage:

struct Progress {
    var task: String
    var amount: Int
}

We can now create an instance of that struct and adjust its progress over time:

var progress = Progress(task: "Loading data", amount: 0)
progress.amount = 30
progress.amount = 80
progress.amount = 100

What we want to happen is for Swift to print a message every time amount changes, and we can use a didSet property observer for that. This will run some code every time amount changes:

struct Progress {
    var task: String
    var amount: Int {
        didSet {
            print("\(task) is now \(amount)% complete")
        }
    }
}

You can also use willSet to take action before a property changes, but that is rarely used.

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