NEW: Get your ticket for Hacking with Swift Live 2019! >>

< Previous: Omitting parameter labels   Next: Variadic functions >

Default parameters

The print() function prints something to the screen, but always adds a new line to the end of whatever you printed, so that multiple calls to print() don’t all appear on the same line.

You can change that behavior if you want, so you could use spaces rather than line breaks. Most of the time, though, folks want new lines, so print() has a terminator parameter that uses new line as its default value.

You can give your own parameters a default value just by writing an = after its type followed by the default you want to give it. So, we could write a greet() function that can optionally print nice greetings:

func greet(_ person: String, nicely: Bool = true) {
    if nicely == true {
        print("Hello, \(person)!")
    } else {
        print("Oh no, it's \(person) again...")
    }
}

That can be called in two ways:

greet("Taylor")
greet("Taylor", nicely: false)

UPGRADE YOUR SWIFT Hacking with Swift Live is a new iOS conference taking place in the UK this July, with all profits going to charity. Come and learn the major new APIs announced at WWDC19 with sessions and hands-on tutorials – click here to learn more!

< Previous: Omitting parameter labels   Next: Variadic functions >
MASTER SWIFT NOW
Buy Testing Swift Buy Practical iOS 12 Buy Pro Swift Buy Swift Design Patterns Buy Swift Coding Challenges Buy Server-Side Swift (Vapor Edition) Buy Server-Side Swift (Kitura Edition) Buy Hacking with macOS Buy Advanced iOS Volume One Buy Advanced iOS Volume Two Buy Hacking with watchOS Buy Hacking with tvOS Buy Hacking with Swift Buy Dive Into SpriteKit Buy Swift in Sixty Seconds Buy Objective-C for Swift Developers Buy Beyond Code

Was this page useful? Let me know!

Average rating: 4.0/5

Click here to visit the Hacking with Swift store >>