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How to create different layouts using size classes

Paul Hudson    @twostraws   

Updated for Xcode 13.0

SwiftUI supports size classes natively by exposing them in the environment for us to read. To use them, first create an @Environment object that will store its value, then check the value of that property whenever you need, looking for either the .compact or .regular size class.

For example:

struct ContentView: View {
    @Environment(\.horizontalSizeClass) var horizontalSizeClass

    var body: some View {
        if horizontalSizeClass == .compact {
            Text("Compact")
        } else {
            Text("Regular")
        }
    }
}

Download this as an Xcode project

A phone in portrait mode showing the word “Compact” beside a phone in landscape mode showing the word “Regular”.

Size classes are a great way to make your user interfaces intelligently adapt to the available space by using a VStack or a HStack for your content. For example, if you have lots of space you might lay things out horizontally, but switch to vertical layout when space is limited.

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