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How to control spacing around individual views using padding

Paul Hudson    @twostraws   

Updated for Xcode 13.0

SwiftUI lets us set individual padding around views using the padding() modifier, causing views to be placed further away from their neighbors.

If you use this with no parameters you’ll get system-default padding on all sides, like this:

VStack {
    Text("Using")
    Text("SwiftUI")
        .padding()
    Text("rocks")
}

Download this as an Xcode project

The text “Using” and “SwiftUI” placed some distance above the text “rocks”.

But you can also customize how much padding to apply and where. So, you might want to apply system padding to only one side:

VStack {
    Text("Using")
    Text("SwiftUI")
        .padding(.bottom)
    Text("rocks")
}

Download this as an Xcode project

The text “Using” and “SwiftUI” placed some distance above the text “rocks”.

Or you might want to control how much padding is applied to all sides:

VStack {
    Text("Using")
    Text("SwiftUI")
        .padding(100)
    Text("rocks")
}

Download this as an Xcode project

The text “SwiftUI” surrounded by lots of whitespace, with the text “Using” above and “rocks” below.

Or you can combine the two to add a specific amount of padding to one side of the view:

VStack {
    Text("Using")
    Text("SwiftUI")
        .padding(.bottom, 100)
    Text("rocks")
}

Download this as an Xcode project

The text “Using” and “SwiftUI” placed a long distance above the text “rocks”.

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