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Checkpoint 5

Paul Hudson    @twostraws   

Updated for Xcode 14.2

With closures under your belt, it’s time to try a little coding challenge using them.

You’ve already met sorted(), filter(), map(), so I’d like you to put them together in a chain – call one, then the other, then the other back to back without using temporary variables.

Your input is this:

let luckyNumbers = [7, 4, 38, 21, 16, 15, 12, 33, 31, 49]

Your job is to:

  1. Filter out any numbers that are even
  2. Sort the array in ascending order
  3. Map them to strings in the format “7 is a lucky number”
  4. Print the resulting array, one item per line

So, your output should be as follows:

7 is a lucky number
15 is a lucky number
21 is a lucky number
31 is a lucky number
33 is a lucky number
49 is a lucky number

If you need hints they are below, but honestly you should be able to tackle this one either from memory or by referencing recent chapters in this book.

Hacking with Swift+ subscribers can get a complete video solution for this checkpoint here: Solution to Checkpoint 5. If you don’t already subscribe, you can start a free trial today.

Still here? Okay, here are some hints:

  1. You need to use the filter(), sorted(), and map() functions.
  2. The order you run the functions matters – if you convert the array to a string first, sorted() will do a string sort rather than an integer sort. That means 15 will come before 7, because Swift will compare the “1” in “15” against “7”.
  3. To chain these functions, use luckyNumbers.first { }.second { }, obviously putting the real function calls in there.
  4. You should use isMultiple(of:) to remove even numbers.
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