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Day 15 of 100 Day Challenge

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Well, I finished Day 15 of the 100 Day Swift Challenge. It was -- as will the next two following days -- a review day, which is great, because I need to review optionals and closures.

All seems to be going well and I look forward to progressing.

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It was hard to wrap my head around closures. All my previous programming courses taught me variables held primitives such as Bool, Int, Double, String.

Assigning a function to a variable? Ouch!

To help cement this concept I added a few notes to my 100 Days Playground notebook. Maybe this helps you?

This helped me accept the strangeness of defining a variable that holds a function. An Integer variable doesn't really care if it holds a 9 or a 42, it just has to be an Integer. A variable that holds a function doesn't care what the function does, it just has to obey the function's signature.

Here's a snip that helped me.

// Closure 1:  a function that takes a String and returns an Integer
let countChars = { (input: String) -> Int in input.count }  // how many characters are in the input string

// Closure 2: a function that takes a String and returns an Integer
let almostRandom = { (input: String) -> Int in
    input.count + Int.random(in: 1...4) // somewhat random number based on number of characters in the string
}

// someFunction is a variable. not an Int, or a String, or a Bool
// someFunction must hold a function!
// Don't care what the function does.
// BUT the function must take a String and return an Integer.
var someFunction: (String) -> Int

someFunction = countChars  // doesn't care what the function does
someFunction("hello from someFunction")   // 23

someFunction = almostRandom // same. doesn't care.
someFunction("hello from someFunction")  // 24, 25, 26 or 27

Well done on reaching Day 15!

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