iOS 10 introduced a new system for calculating distance, length, area, volume, duration, and many more measurements. Let’s start with something simple. If you’re six feet tall, you’d create a
Measurement instance like this:
let heightFeet = Measurement(value: 6, unit: UnitLength.feet)
Note that Swift can’t infer
.feet to mean
UnitLength.feet because there are lots of
Unit subclasses as you’ll see soon.
Once you have a measurement ready, you can convert it to other units like this:
let heightInches = heightFeet.converted(to: UnitLength.inches) let heightSensible = heightFeet.converted(to: UnitLength.meters)
You should see “72.0 in” and “1.8288 m” in your output, showing that the conversion process has worked.
UnitLength class, like all unit subclasses, spans a huge range of units from old to futuristic. For example, you can convert feet to astronomical units, which is equal to the average distance between the Earth and the Sun, or about 150 million kilometers:
let heightAUs = heightFeet.converted(to: UnitLength.astronomicalUnits)
Once you’ve used one unit, the rest work identically. Here are some more examples to get you started:
// convert degrees to radians let degrees = Measurement(value: 180, unit: UnitAngle.degrees) let radians = degrees.converted(to: .radians) // convert square meters to square centimeters let squareMeters = Measurement(value: 4, unit: UnitArea.squareMeters) let squareCentimeters = squareMeters.converted(to: .squareCentimeters) // convert bushels to imperial teaspoons let bushels = Measurement(value: 6, unit: UnitVolume.bushels) let teaspoons = bushels.converted(to: .imperialTeaspoons)
Honestly, I have no idea what the bushels to imperial teaspoons ratio is, but it’s nice to be given the option!
Sponsored You’re already busy updating your app for Swift 4.2 and iOS 12, so why not let Instabug help you find and fix bugs? Add just two lines of code to your project and receive comprehensive reports with all the feedback you need to ship a world-class app – click here to learn more!
Available from iOS 10.0
Did this solution work for you? Please pass it on!
Other people are reading…
About the Swift Knowledge Base
This is part of the Swift Knowledge Base, a free, searchable collection of solutions for common iOS questions.
Help support Hacking with Swift
This site is funded by Hacking with Swift supporters who buy my e-books. If you can, please support my work – it comes packed with bonus material!