NEW! Master Swift design patterns with my latest book! >>

What is class inheritance?

Paul Hudson       @twostraws

Swift allows you to define a custom class as inheriting from another, which means it gains the functionality of the original class while being able to add its own. This is used extensively on Apple platforms: UIButton inherits from UIControl, which inherits from UIView, which inherits from UIResponder, which inherits from NSObject, for example.

This approach allows you to create something new by building upon and tweaking existing functionality. If you want to create a custom view for your app, you don’t need to go all the way back to basics – you can just inherit from UIView and make whatever changes you need. This means you automatically benefit from things like background colors, Auto Layout, CALayer, and more.

While inheritance is both power and used extensively, it does create some problems. The main two are first that it’s available only with classes and so Swift’s structs and enums are excluded, and the second are that it creates tight coupling, where one piece of code depends heavily on another piece of code.

Available from iOS 8.0

Did this solution work for you? Please pass it on!

Other people are reading…

About the Swift Knowledge Base

This is part of the Swift Knowledge Base, a free, searchable collection of solutions for common iOS questions.

Go from iOS to macOS the easy way!

If you like Hacking with Swift, you'll love Hacking with macOS – learn to build macOS apps today, using 18 real-world projects!

MASTER SWIFT NOW
Buy Practical iOS 12 Buy Pro Swift Buy Swift Design Patterns Buy Practical iOS 11 Buy Swift Coding Challenges Buy Server-Side Swift (Vapor Edition) Buy Server-Side Swift (Kitura Edition) Buy Hacking with macOS Buy Advanced iOS Volume One Buy Hacking with watchOS Buy Hacking with tvOS Buy Hacking with Swift Buy Dive Into SpriteKit Buy Swift in Sixty Seconds Buy Objective-C for Swift Developers Buy Beyond Code

Was this page useful? Let me know!

Click here to visit the Hacking with Swift store >>