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How to use map() to transform an array

Swift version: 5.0

Paul Hudson    @twostraws   

The map() method allows us to transform arrays (and indeed any kind of collection) using a transformation closure we specify. The return value will be an array of the same size, containing your transformed elements.

For example, given the following array:

let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4]

We could use map() to transform those numbers so they are doubled, like this:

let doubled = numbers.map { $0 * 2 }

You can map whatever you want. For example, you could convert an array of strings to be uppercase:

let strings = ["John", "Paul", "George", "Ringo"]
let uppercased = strings.map { $0.uppercased() }

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