NEW: Subscribe to Hacking with Swift+ and accelerate your learning! >>

How to sort an array using sort()

Swift version: 5.2

Paul Hudson    @twostraws   

All arrays have built-in sort() and sorted() methods that can be used to sort the array, but they are subtly different.

If the array is simple you can just call sort() directly, like this, to sort an array in place:

var names = ["Jemima", "Peter", "David", "Kelly", "Isabella"]
names.sort()

If you have a custom struct or class and want to sort them arbitrarily, you should call sort() using a trailing closure that sorts on a field you specify. Here's an example using an array of custom structs that sorts on a particular property:

struct User {
    var firstName: String
}

var users = [
    User(firstName: "Jemima"),
    User(firstName: "Peter"),
    User(firstName: "David"),
    User(firstName: "Kelly"),
    User(firstName: "Isabella")
]

users.sort {
    $0.firstName < $1.firstName
}

If you want to return a sorted array rather than sort it in place, use sorted() like this:

let sortedUsers = users.sorted {
    $0.firstName < $1.firstName
}
Hacking with Swift is sponsored by NSSpain

SPONSORED Announcing NSSpain 2020: Remote Edition! An online, continuous conference for iOS developers. We’ll start on Thursday and finish on Friday, with talks, activities, and lots of fun for 36 hours, non-stop. Sound good? Join us!

Find out more

Sponsor Hacking with Swift and reach the world's largest Swift community!

Available from iOS 7.0

Similar solutions…

About the Swift Knowledge Base

This is part of the Swift Knowledge Base, a free, searchable collection of solutions for common iOS questions.

BUY OUR BOOKS
Buy Pro Swift Buy Swift Design Patterns Buy Testing Swift Buy Hacking with iOS Buy Swift Coding Challenges Buy Swift on Sundays Volume One Buy Server-Side Swift (Vapor Edition) Buy Advanced iOS Volume One Buy Advanced iOS Volume Two Buy Advanced iOS Volume Three Buy Hacking with watchOS Buy Hacking with tvOS Buy Hacking with macOS Buy Dive Into SpriteKit Buy Swift in Sixty Seconds Buy Objective-C for Swift Developers Buy Server-Side Swift (Kitura Edition) Buy Beyond Code

Was this page useful? Let us know!

Average rating: 4.0/5

Link copied to your pasteboard.