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DAY 13

Protocols and extensions

Today you’re going to learn some truly Swifty functionality: protocols, extensions, and protocol extensions.

Protocol extensions allow us to do away with large, complex inheritance hierarchies, and replaces them with much smaller, simpler protocols that can be combined together. This really is the fulfillment of something Tony Hoare said many years ago: “inside every large program, there is a small program trying to get out.”

You’ll be using protocols from your very first SwiftUI project, and they’ll continue to be invaluable for your entire Swift coding career – it’s worth taking the time to get familiar with them.

Today you have four tutorials to follow, where you’ll meet protocols, extensions, and more. Once you’ve watched each video and optionally gone through the extra reading, there are short tests to help make sure you’ve understood what was taught.

Tip: This is one of the handful of days that will almost certainly take more than an hour to work through. I did warn you about this back in day 4, but that won’t make it feel any easier – there’s a lot to cover here! Remember, the optional reading is optional – if you understood a topic first time you’re welcome to skip it.

  1. How to create and use protocols
  2. How to use opaque return types
  3. How to create and use extensions
  4. How to create and use protocol extensions
  5. Summary: Protocols and extensions
  6. Checkpoint 8

Bonus: If you have even more time on your hands and want to explore this topic a little further, I created an extra tutorial just for you: How to get the most from protocol extensions. This is entirely optional, and definitely goes way beyond beginner Swift – you do not need to follow this tutorial in order to continue.

Have some questions about protocols?

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